The introduction of the goods and services tax (GST), which has brought cheer for car-makers and buyers because prices of almost all products have come down, could derail the growth of the organised used-car market. The used car market had clocked healthy growth in recent years and, at 3.87 million vehicles a year, it was even bigger than the new car market of 3 million units.
However, organised players like Maruti Suzuki True Value and Mahindra First Choice form only one-tenth of the used car industry.
Under the GST, the prices of used cars have moved up. This is due to a 20-33 per cent increase in tax in comparison to the pre-GST levels.
Earlier the value-added tax (VAT) on sales of used cars varied from state to state. In Maharashtra, VAT was charged at 2.02 per cent on the sale value while in states like Andhra Pradesh and Telangana it went up to as high as 14 per cent.
But the GST rate is going to be a minimum of 28 per cent plus 15 per cent cess, depending on the segment. This makes it 43 per cent on the value addition that a used car seller does. For example, the buyer in Maharashtra would have earlier paid a VAT of Rs 2,000 approximately on a small used car valued at Rs 1 lakh.
Under the current system, if the dealer is charging Rs 20,000 (over and above his procurement price of Rs 80,000), the GST will be Rs 5,600.
Pawan Goenka, managing director (MD), Mahindra & Mahindra, has said that a high GST on used cars is likely to make the market unattractive. It will move buyers from organised channels to unorganised (buyer to buyer) ones.
Nagendra Palle, chief executive officer and MD, Mahindra First Choice Wheels, said: “Given the high rate, it will have an impact in two ways. Either consumers get less for their cars when exchanged, or, when dealers buy those cars, they have to sell them for more to account for the taxes. And on the other hand, it will encourage the unorganised sector.”
The unorganised used car market, though, is likely to expand because it does not pay taxes. “The organised sector might face challenges. While the new taxation system has standardised the rates, it has added the burden of additional tax,” said Shubh Bansal, co-founder and chief of marketing at Truebil, a market place for used cars.