President Pranab Mukherjee taking salute of his guards before his ceremonial procession to address the joint session of Parliament in New Delhi on Monday
President Pranab Mukherjee’s address to a joint session of Parliament, his first since the Narendra Modi-led government took charge, on Monday unveiled the Centre’s five-point agenda, largely economic. While boosting economic growth in the medium term and inflation control — especially food inflation, through supply-side reforms — were highlighted as the key concerns, improving governance, building core infrastructure and reviving the agricultural sector came across as other focus areas.
As supply-side measures to rein in food inflation, Mukherjee, reading out a speech written by the government, outlined steps like reforming the public distribution system, reducing hoarding and black marketing, boosting public and private investments in agricultural infrastructure, building irrigation infra and incentivising the food processing industry. He also spoke about addressing issues related to farm procurement, prices, crop insurance and post-harvest management and said the government intended to launch a nationwide farm irrigation scheme shortly.
To boost manufacturing, the government would set up investment and industrial regions, particularly along dedicated freight corridors, he said. These are likely to be on the lines of the Gujarat International finance Tec-city (GIFT) and the Dholera Special Investment Region in that state. An ambitious 10-year infrastructure development plan will be drafted and a quick, investment-friendly and predictable public-private partnership mechanism introduced. Within infrastructure, the focus will be on modernising and revamping the railways, the Diamond Quadrilateral project (high-speed trains), a network of freight corridors, port development and interlinking of rivers where feasible.
The government has also promised encouraging power generation through conventional and non-conventional sources (solar energy, for example), attracting private investment in the coal sector and developing nuclear power. Urbanisation, education, health, women’s safety and defence modernisation are some other important areas.
The President’s speech did not touch on the public finance issues flagged by economists as an area for concern and did not mention how the government was going to cut subsidies or raise or rationalise taxes. But it promised to take state governments on board by addressing their special and unique needs, rather than centralised planning.
Improving ‘ease of doing business’ by scrapping obsolete laws, creating single-window clearance systems at both central and states levels (hub-and-spoke model), simplification of tax regulation and introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) were also promised.
There was a measured mention of foreign direct investment to be allowed in the sectors that help create jobs or assets and in defence (for greater indigenisation).
On the social-sector front, the President said in his speech that the government was committed to setting up one Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and an Indian Institute of Management (IIM) in every state, besides massive open online courses and virtual classrooms. A National Education Policy aimed at meeting the challenges posed by the lack of quality, research and innovation in Indian educational institutions will be formulated. A new health policy and a National Health Assurance Mission (which will have yoga as its core), were also promised. Those belonging to the scheduled castes and other backward classes would be empowered to avail of emerging opportunities, the President said. “For the scheduled tribes, the government will launch a dedicated Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojana. Electrification of tribal hamlets and connecting them with all-weather roads will be a priority area.”
Thought the speech mentioned the national e-governance plan would be expanded, it was silent on ‘Aadhaar’. It said a veterans commission (to address problems of retired soldiers) and a national maritime academy would be set up.
“A policy of zero tolerance to terrorism, extremism, riots and crime will be pursued,” Mukherjee said. The President also said states would be assisted in modernising police infrastructure and equipment to tackle new forms of terrorism, including narco-terrorism and cyber threats. “A national plan will be chalked out in consultation with the state governments to effectively curb incidents of communal violence and the challenges posed by left-wing extremism.”
SETTING THE STAGE
Highlights of the govt’s projects and policies, as outlined by the President’s speech
Land use: A new national land use policy
Water resources: Considering all options, including inter-linking of rivers, to ensure optimal use of water resources
Education: Setting up an IIT and an IIM in every state; formulating a national education policy
Jobs: A labour-intensive manufacturing policy; employment exchanges to connect youth with opportunities
Industrial hubs: World-class investment & industrial regions along dedicated freight and industrial corridors
Infra development: A 10-year programme; low-cost airports to promote air connectivity to smaller towns; modernising existing ports and development of new world-class ones
Railways: Modernisation of railways; a project for high-speed trains; push for investment through innovative financing methods
Price rise: Containing food inflation through improved supplies
Energy policy: Coal-sector reforms; international civil nuclear pacts to be operationalised
Agriculture: Addressing issues related to pricing and procurement of produce, crop insurance and post-harvest management; freight corridors with specialised rail networks to carry perishable agri products
IT boost: Use of IT to drive govt processes and improve service delivery & programme implementation
Quick clearances: Environment & forest clearance systems to be made more predictable, transparent and time-bound
Urbanisation: Creating 100 cities with world-class amenities
Taxes: Simplification of tax regime to make it non-adversarial and conducive to investment; bringing GST after taking states on board
Law & order: Zero tolerance for terrorism, extremism, riots and crime; tackling issues of infiltration in the Northeast