As the battle for market share in the medium and heavy commercial vehicles (MHCV) gains momentum, players like Ashok Leyland Ltd (ALL) are enhancing focus on fully built units (FBUs) in the trucks segment. From a current share of 20 per cent, ALL aims to take the share of FBUs in its overall sales to 50 per cent within the next two to three years.
FBUs are basically ready-to-use trucks customised for the type of good to be transported. The company is in talks with its supplier partners to develop more FBUs.
Anuj Kathuria, president, global trucks, ALL said, "We plan to offer more and more ready to use vehicles to our customers. We are already working with our supplier partners on the same. This would help improve the topline as the ticket size would increase."
At present, FBUs account for nearly 20 per cent of its truck sales, and in the next two to three years ALL plans to take this up to 50% of its vehicle sales, Kathuria informed. ALL has a manufacturing capacity of about 160,000 units per annum for MHCV, and around 70,000 units per annum for light commercial vehicles (LCVs). It is currently utilising around 60-70 per cent of its capacity and sold 84,255 trucks last year.
The chassis of a truck is usually sold to a customer who then makes an additional investment to customise the body to suit his requirement. This typically requires an investment of 20-25 per cent of the value of the vehicle, sometimes higher. ALL plans to make dry containers, reefers (refrigerated vehicles), LPG bullet trucks, bulkers among others.
Some of the key truck body building firms include CEBBCO, Jaico, Azad Body Builders etc.
Kathuria explained that most all major commercial vehicle original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) have traditionally focussed on selling chassis and customers need to coordinate with different entities like body builders, financiers to ensure the FBU is on road in time. "ALL has decided to offer complete transport solutions through FBU offering. We anticipate the FBUs ticket size to have sizeable growth factoring the following benefits to customers," he said.
Subrata Ray, senior group vice-president, ICRA felt that making FBUs might not be very high margin, but the greater degree of value addition is likely to ensure better demand. "Also, with more focus on safety parameters, through FBUs, an OEM can ensure better control over quality," he said.
ALL feels that as these fully built trucks would come with OEM warranty and would be ready to use from Day 1 thereby saving body building time and, in turn, money, there would be good traction for these vehicles.
MHCV segment is the key segment for ALL. It accounts for 70-71 per cent of its revenues. In the MHCV space, it currently has 30% market share (as on May) which is a 2.5 per cent gain over last year first two months of FY18.
As per ICRA, in the MHCV goods segment, market leader Tata Motors had 47.6% market share as on Q4FY17, while ALL had 36.3 per cent share. While Tata Motors share has slipped from 53.9 per cent in Q4FY16, ALL share has gained from 31.6 per cent.
On the whole, ALL has closed FY17 with good numbers. With 7 per cent growth in revenues (Rs 21,332 crore) and a massive 214 per cent rise in net profits (Rs 1,223 crore up from Rs 390 crore in FY16).
Ray felt that while the volumes of specialised trucks like reefers etc might not be very high at the moment, it is expected to go up. "Post-GST, there would be the greater consolidation of warehouses, leading to demand specialised trucks," he said.
As such categories like the refrigeration transportation market is expected to grow at a compounded annual growth rate of 17 per cent in the next five years. Reefer trucks, for example, are expected to clock the robust growth rate of 85 per cent or so in volumes over the next three to five years.